用于检查服务器是否在线的批处理脚本

我基本上想要一个Windows批处理脚本,通过一个服务器列表,并检查每个服务器与一个ping,如果它在线。 服务器列表应该是一个简单的纯文本文件,应该看起来像这样:

... "Google" www.google.com "Node1" 221.12.123.1 "Download Server" dl.myserver.com "Login Server" login.myserver.com ... 

这是一个简单的程序应该做的事情:

  1. 将列表中所有服务器的描述列表打印到屏幕上。
  2. ping第一台服务器服务器4次,如果一次ping成功,它应该返回在线,如果所有4个ping失败它应该离线。
  3. 在打印列表中的第一个服务器旁边在线或离线打印
  4. 对列表中的所有其他服务器运行步骤2和3。

输出应该如下所示:

 ... Google: online Stackoverflow: online Node1: online Download Server: offline Login server: offline ... 

我只想知道这是甚至可以在(Windows)批处理和如何做到这一点。 如果批量不可能,我应该使用哪种编程语言? 是否有可能在Python中编程?

我也会非常感激,如果有人可以发布代码如何做到这一点,谢谢!

Solutions Collecting From Web of "用于检查服务器是否在线的批处理脚本"

 @echo off setlocal enableextensions enabledelayedexpansion for /f usebackq^ tokens^=1^,2^ delims^=^" %%a in ("servers.txt") do ( call :isOnline %%b && set "status=online" || set "status=offline" echo %%a : !status! ) endlocal exit /b :isOnline address setlocal enableextensions disabledelayedexpansion :: a temporary file is needed to capture ping output for later processing set "tempFile=%temp%\%~nx0.%random%.tmp" :: ping the indicated address and get errorlevel ping -w 1000 -n 4 %~1 > "%tempFile%" && set "pingError=" || set "pingError=1" :: When pinging, :: :: we get errorlevel = 1 when :: ipv4 - when any packet is lost. It is necessary to check for "TTL=" :: string in the output of the ping command. :: ipv6 - when all packet are lost. :: we get errorlevel = 0 when :: ipv4 - all packets received. But pinging a inactive host on the :: same subnet result in no packet lost. It is necessary to :: check for "TTL=" string in the output of the ping command. :: ipv6 - at least one packet reaches the host. :: :: +--------------+-------------+ :: | TTL= present | No TTL | :: +-----------------------+--------------+-------------+ :: | ipv4 errorlevel 0 | OK | ERROR | :: | errorlevel 1 | OK | ERROR | :: +-----------------------+--------------+-------------+ :: | ipv6 errorlevel 0 | | OK | :: | errorlevel 1 | | ERROR | :: +-----------------------+----------------------------+ :: :: So, if TTL= is present in output, host is online. If errorlevel is 0 :: and the address is ipv6 then host is online. In the rest of the cases :: the host is offline. :: :: To determine the ip version, a regular expresion to match a ipv6 :: address is used with findstr. As it will be only tested in the case :: of no errorlevel, the ip address should be present in the output of :: ping command. set "exitCode=1" find "TTL=" "%tempFile%" >nul 2>nul && set "exitCode=0" || ( if not defined pingError ( findstr /r /c:" [a-f0-9:][a-f0-9]*:[a-f0-9:%%]*[a-f0-9]: " "%tempFile%" >nul 2>nul && set "exitCode=0" ) ) :: cleanup and return errorlevel if exist "%tempFile%" del /q "%tempFile%" >nul 2>nul endlocal & exit /b %exitCode% 

这可以很容易地批量完成,只需要一些for /f循环, echo语句, if语句, goto / call语句和使用ping命令。

1.将列表中所有服务器的描述列表打印到屏幕上。

您可以使用echo声明,如echo "Google" www.google.com

2. ping第一台服务器服务器4次,如果一次ping成功,应该返回在线,如果所有4个ping失败,它应该离线。

在一个for /f循环中[比如for /f "tokens=5 delims==, " %%p in ( ]),你可以使用ping命令和4个trys像这样ping -n 4 www.google.com

3.打印列表中第一个服务器旁边的在线或离线打印

你可以使用和if statemenet在这里,如: if "%status%"=="online" echo Google: online或只是echo Google: %status%

4.对列表中的所有其他服务器运行第2步和第3步。

您可以在此处使用gotocall语句(使用它像一个函数),例如: call :server_status_function www.google.com