arm-linux-gnu-gcc致命错误:stdio.h:没有这样的文件或目录

这些是/ usr / bin中的文件

[root@xilinx bin]# ls -ld arm* -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 691752 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-addr2line -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 721416 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-ar -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 1297632 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-as -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 689168 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-c++filt -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 545664 Feb 6 2013 arm-linux-gnu-cpp -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 34176 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-elfedit -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 544624 Feb 6 2013 arm-linux-gnu-gcc -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 214400 Feb 6 2013 arm-linux-gnu-gcov -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 760640 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-gprof -rwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 1177528 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-ld -rwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 1177528 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-ld.bfd -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 704672 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-nm -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 875456 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-objcopy -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 1096992 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-objdump -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 721456 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-ranlib -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 389040 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-readelf -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 693608 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-size -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 691648 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-strings -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 875456 Feb 5 2013 arm-linux-gnu-strip 

我正在学习本教程来交叉编译一个简单的C程序:

 /* myinit.c * Build instructions: * ${CROSS_COMPILE}gcc -static init.c -o init * */ #include <stdio.h> int main () { printf ("\n"); printf ("Hello world from %s!\n", __FILE__); while (1) { } return 0; } 

现在我保存这是一个.c文件,并尝试编译它;

 [root@xilinx Xilinx-ZC702-14.7]# arm-linux-gnu-gcc myinit.c myinit.c:6:19: fatal error: stdio.h: No such file or directory compilation terminated. 

这只在我使用arm-linux-gnu-gcc时才会发生。

但是当我使用gcc时,它工作正常。

为什么arm-linux *给出这个错误?

更新

 [root@xilinx Xilinx-ZC702-14.7]# arm-linux-gnu-cpp -Wp,-v ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/lib/gcc/arm-linux-gnueabi/4.7.2/../../../../arm-linux-gnueabi/sys-include" ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/lib/gcc/arm-linux-gnueabi/4.7.2/../../../../arm-linux-gnueabi/include" #include "..." search starts here: #include <...> search starts here: /usr/lib/gcc/arm-linux-gnueabi/4.7.2/include /usr/lib/gcc/arm-linux-gnueabi/4.7.2/include-fixed End of search list. 

详细

 [root@xilinx Xilinx-ZC702-14.7]# arm-linux-gnu-gcc -v myinit.c Using built-in specs. COLLECT_GCC=arm-linux-gnu-gcc COLLECT_LTO_WRAPPER=/usr/libexec/gcc/arm-linux-gnueabi/4.7.2/lto-wrapper Target: arm-linux-gnueabi Configured with: ../gcc-4.7.2-20121114-aarch64/configure --disable-dependency-tracking --disable-silent-rules --prefix=/usr --exec-prefix=/usr --bindir=/usr/bin --sbindir=/usr/sbin --sysconfdir=/etc --datadir=/usr/share --includedir=/usr/include --libexecdir=/usr/libexec --localstatedir=/var --sharedstatedir=/var/lib --mandir=/usr/share/man --infodir=/usr/share/info --build=x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu --host=x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu --target=arm-linux-gnueabi --enable-targets=all --program-prefix=arm-linux-gnu- --enable-languages=c --with-newlib --without-headers --disable-sjlj-exceptions --with-system-libunwind --disable-nls --disable-threads --disable-shared --disable-libmudflap --disable-libssp --disable-libgomp --disable-libquadmath --disable-gold --disable-decimal-float --enable-checking= --enable-gnu-unique-object --enable-linker-build-id --disable-plugin --enable-nls --with-system-zlib --with-bugurl=http://bugzilla.redhat.com/bugzilla/ --enable-obsolete Thread model: single gcc version 4.7.2 20121105 (Red Hat 4.7.2-2.aa.20121114svn) (GCC) COLLECT_GCC_OPTIONS='-v' '-mtls-dialect=gnu' /usr/libexec/gcc/arm-linux-gnueabi/4.7.2/cc1 -quiet -v myinit.c -quiet -dumpbase myinit.c -mtls-dialect=gnu -auxbase myinit -version -o /tmp/ccZNNlzj.s GNU C (GCC) version 4.7.2 20121105 (Red Hat 4.7.2-2.aa.20121114svn) (arm-linux-gnueabi) compiled by GNU C version 4.4.6 20120305 (Red Hat 4.4.6-4), GMP version 4.3.1, MPFR version 2.4.1, MPC version 0.8 GGC heuristics: --param ggc-min-expand=100 --param ggc-min-heapsize=131072 ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/lib/gcc/arm-linux-gnueabi/4.7.2/../../../../arm-linux-gnueabi/sys-include" ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/lib/gcc/arm-linux-gnueabi/4.7.2/../../../../arm-linux-gnueabi/include" #include "..." search starts here: #include <...> search starts here: /usr/lib/gcc/arm-linux-gnueabi/4.7.2/include /usr/lib/gcc/arm-linux-gnueabi/4.7.2/include-fixed End of search list. GNU C (GCC) version 4.7.2 20121105 (Red Hat 4.7.2-2.aa.20121114svn) (arm-linux-gnueabi) compiled by GNU C version 4.4.6 20120305 (Red Hat 4.4.6-4), GMP version 4.3.1, MPFR version 2.4.1, MPC version 0.8 GGC heuristics: --param ggc-min-expand=100 --param ggc-min-heapsize=131072 Compiler executable checksum: a19a7c6897fa348d9d5b59c718fa0648 myinit.c:6:19: fatal error: stdio.h: No such file or directory compilation terminated. 

主机configuration

Redhat 6,64位

Solutions Collecting From Web of "arm-linux-gnu-gcc致命错误:stdio.h:没有这样的文件或目录"

这里的问题似乎是,你为目标安装了编译器工具链,但是没有为目标安装标准库。 您需要专门为您的目标平台编译的标准C库。 要么从您找到编译器工具链的相同位置查找预编译,要么使用目标工具链下载并交叉编译。

当你有一个标准的C库的目标,使用标志-I (这是大写的我)告诉编译器在哪里找到头文件,和-L标志告诉链接器在哪里找到库,例如-lc (这是小写的L)告诉链接器与库链接。 就像是

 $ arm-linux-gnu-gcc -I/usr/local/target/include myinit.c -L/usr/local/target/lib -lc 

这通过安装“arm-none-eabi-newlib”

 $ sudo yum install arm-none-eabi-newlib 

它包含正确路径中的必需文件。