batch file脚本从文件名中删除特殊字符(Windows)

我有一大堆文件,其中一些包含文件中的特殊字符(如ä,ö,%等)。 我想要一个脚本文件迭代这些文件,并重命名删除特殊字符。 我真的不介意它做什么,但它可以用下划线代替它们,例如

Störung%20.doc将重命名为St_rung_20.doc

按照优先顺序:

  1. 一个Windiwsbatch file
  2. 用cscript(vbs)运行的Windows脚本文件
  3. 可以从命令行运行的第三方软件(即不需要用户交互)
  4. 另一个语言脚本文件,我将不得不安装一个额外的脚本引擎

背景:我试图用Windows上的GnuPGencryption这些文件,但似乎没有用–encrypt-files选项来处理文件名中的特殊字符。

Solutions Collecting From Web of "batch file脚本从文件名中删除特殊字符(Windows)"

在将文件名提供给gnupg之前,您是否尝试将cmd.exe设置为其他代码页? 发出chcp 65001以将cmd.exe预先设置为Unicode,然后重试。

如果失败了,下面的VBScript会这样做:

 Option Explicit Dim fso: Set fso = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject") Dim invalidChars: Set invalidChars = New RegExp ' put all characters that you want to strip inside the brackets invalidChars.Pattern = "[äöüß&%]" invalidChars.IgnoreCase = True invalidChars.Global = True If WScript.Arguments.Unnamed.Count = 0 Then WScript.Echo "Please give folder name as argument 1." WScript.Quit 1 End If Recurse fso.GetFolder(WScript.Arguments.Unnamed(0)) Sub Recurse(f) Dim item For Each item In f.SubFolders Recurse item Sanitize item Next For Each item In f.Files Sanitize item Next End Sub Sub Sanitize(folderOrFile) Dim newName: newName = invalidChars.Replace(folderOrFile.Name, "_") If folderOrFile.Name = newName Then Exit Sub WScript.Echo folderOrFile.Name, " -> ", newName folderOrFile.Name = newName End Sub 

这样称呼它:

 cscript replace.vbs "c:\path\to\my\files" 

您也可以在Windows资源管理器中将文件夹拖放到其上。

http://www.robvanderwoude.com/bht.html

使用NT的SET字符串替换来替换或删除字符串中任何位置的字符:

 SET STRING=[ABCDEFG] SET STRING=%STRING:[=% SET STRING=%STRING:]=% ECHO String: %STRING% will display String: ABCDEFG SET STRING=[ABCDEFG] SET STRING=%STRING:[=(% SET STRING=%STRING:]=)% ECHO String: %STRING% will display String: (ABCDEFG) SET STRING=[ABCDEFG] SET STRING=%STRING:~1,7% ECHO String: %STRING% will display String: ABCDEFG 

如果使用这种尝试,则必须分别处理要替换的每个字符(例如Ä,Ö,Ü,ä,ö,ü,ß,还有á,à,é,è…)。

感谢Tomalak谁实际上指出我在正确的方向。 以为我会在这里发布的完整性。

问题似乎是,GPG使用的代码页是固定的(Latin I),与控制台中配置的代码页无关。 但是一旦他指出了这一点,我想出了如何解决这个问题。

诀窍是在生成文件列表之前更改代码页。 这实际上会使文件列表在控制台中显示不正确。 但是,当传递给GPG,它工作正常。 GPG接受这些文件,并用正确的文件名吐出加密文件。

批处理文件如下所示:

 chcp 1252 dir /b /s /ad MyFolder >filelist.txt gpg -r test@test.com --encrypt-files <filelist.txt 

我正在使用这批来重命名文件夹,似乎到目前为止工作正常…在我的情况下Codepage是1252,你可能会有所不同。

 mode con codepage select=1252 @echo off Setlocal enabledelayedexpansion ::folder only (/D option) for /R /D %%d in (*) do ( set an=%%~nd set bn=!an:.=_! set cn=!bn:-=_! set dn=!cn: =_! set en=!dn:Á=A! set fn=!en:É=E! set gn=!fn:Í=I! set hn=!gn:Ó=O! set in=!hn:Ú=U! set jn=!in:Ü=U! set kn=!jn:á=a! set ln=!kn:é=e! set mn=!ln:í=i! set nn=!mn:ó=o! set on=!nn:ú=u! set pn=!on:ü=u! set qn=!pn:Ñ=N! set zn=!on:ñ=n! set ax=%%~xd set bx=!ax:.=_! set cx=!bx:-=_! set dx=!cx: =_! set bx=!ax:.=_! set cx=!bx:-=_! set dx=!cx: =_! set ex=!dx:Á=A! set fx=!ex:É=E! set gx=!fx:Í=I! set hx=!gx:Ó=O! set ix=!hx:Ú=U! set jx=!ix:Ü=U! set kx=!jx:á=a! set lx=!kx:é=e! set mx=!lx:í=i! set nx=!mx:ó=o! set ox=!nx:ú=u! set px=!ox:ü=u! set qx=!px:Ñ=N! set zx=!ox:ñ=n! if [!an!]==[] (set zn=) if [!ax!]==[] (set zx=) set newname=!zn!!zx! if /i not [%%~nd%%~xd]==[!newname!] rename "%%d" !newname! ) endlocal pause 

在'RenameFilesWithAccentedAndDiacriticalLatinChars.pl'之后,PERL脚本重命名带有重音符号和变音符号的拉丁字符的文件:

  • 此PERL脚本从参数中给出的文件夹开始,或者从当前文件夹开始。
  • 它递归地搜索具有属于CP 1250,CP 1252,CP 1254和CP 1257(主要是重音拉丁字符)的80-FF字符的文件或具有变音标记的拉丁字符。
  • 它仅通过从拉丁字符中删除重音符号和变音符号来计算新的文件名(例如,Été – > Ete)。
  • 它显示所有提出的重命名和可能的冲突,并要求用户全球认可。
  • 如果用户已经批准,则重命名所有没有冲突的文件。

选项' – 批'避免了互动问题。 小心使用。

选项' – '避免将下一个参数解释为选项。

特别警告

  • 这个脚本最初是用UTF-8编码的,应该保持这样。
  • 这个脚本可能会重命名很多文件。
  • 文件名在理论上全部用UTF-8编码。 但是一些文件名可能被发现也包含一些具有传统编码的字符。
  • 作者已经努力进行一致性检查,健壮性,冲突检测和使用适当的编码。 所以这个脚本只能通过从拉丁字符中删除重音符号和变音符号来重命名文件。
  • 但是这个脚本仅在有限数量的操作系统(Windows,Mac OS X,Linux)以及有限数量的终端编码(CP 850,ISO-8859-1,UTF-8)下进行了测试。
  • 所以,在奇怪的情况下,这个脚本可以用多个随机名称重命名许多文件。
  • 因此,这个脚本应该谨慎使用,并谨慎修改(谨防内部字符串,输入,输出和命令的编码)
 #!/usr/bin/perl -w #============================================================================= # # Copyright 2010 Etienne URBAH # # This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify # it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by # the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or # (at your option) any later version. # # This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, # but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of # MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the # GNU General Public License for more details at # http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html # # For usage and SPECIAL WARNING, see the 'Help' section below. # #============================================================================= use 5.008_000; # For correct Unicode support use warnings; use strict; use Encode; $| = 1; # Autoflush STDOUT #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Function ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash : # Set Uppercase, remove End of line, Underscores and Dashes #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- sub ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash { local $_ = uc($_[0]); chomp; tr/_\-//d; $_; } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Constants #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- my $Encoding_Western = 'ISO-8859-1'; my $Encoding_Central = 'ISO-8859-2'; my $Encoding_Baltic = 'ISO-8859-4'; my $Encoding_Turkish = 'ISO-8859-9'; my $Encoding_W_Euro = 'ISO-8859-15'; my $Code_Page_OldWest = 850; my $Code_Page_Central = 1250; my $Code_Page_Western = 1252; my $Code_Page_Turkish = 1254; my $Code_Page_Baltic = 1257; my $Code_Page_UTF8 = 65001; my $HighBitSetChars = pack('C*', 0x80..0xFF); my %SuperEncodings = ( &ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash($Encoding_Western), 'cp'.$Code_Page_Western, &ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash($Encoding_Central), 'cp'.$Code_Page_Central, &ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash($Encoding_Baltic), 'cp'.$Code_Page_Baltic, &ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash($Encoding_Turkish), 'cp'.$Code_Page_Turkish, &ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash($Encoding_W_Euro), 'cp'.$Code_Page_Western, &ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash('cp'.$Code_Page_OldWest), 'cp'.$Code_Page_Western ); my %EncodingNames = ( 'cp'.$Code_Page_Central, 'Central European', 'cp'.$Code_Page_Western, 'Western European', 'cp'.$Code_Page_Turkish, ' Turkish ', 'cp'.$Code_Page_Baltic, ' Baltic ' ); my %NonAccenChars = ( #--------------------------------# 'cp'.$Code_Page_Central, # Central European (cp1250) # #--------------------------------# #€_‚_„…†‡_‰Š‹ŚŤŽŹ_''“”•–—_™š›śťžź# 'E_,_,.++_%S_STZZ_````.--_Ts_stzz'. # ˇ˘Ł¤Ą¦§¨©Ş«¬®Ż°±˛ł´µ¶·¸ąş»Ľ˝ľż# '_``LoAlS`CS_--RZ`+,l`uP.,as_L~lz'. #ŔÁÂĂÄĹĆÇČÉĘËĚÍÎĎĐŃŇÓÔŐÖ×ŘŮÚŰÜÝŢß# 'RAAAALCCCEEEEIIDDNNOOOOxRUUUUYTS'. #ŕáâăäĺćçčéęëěíîďđńňóôőö÷řůúűüýţ˙# 'raaaalccceeeeiiddnnoooo%ruuuuyt`', #--------------------------------# 'cp'.$Code_Page_Western, # Western European (cp1252) # #--------------------------------# #€_‚ƒ„…†‡ˆ‰Š‹Œ_Ž__''“”•–—˜™š›œ_žŸ# 'E_,f,.++^%S_O_Z__````.--~Ts_o_zY'. # ¡¢£¤¥¦§¨©ª«¬®¯°±²³´µ¶·¸¹º»¼½¾¿# '_!cLoYlS`Ca_--R-`+23`uP.,10_qh3_'. #ÀÁÂÃÄÅÆÇÈÉÊËÌÍÎÏÐÑÒÓÔÕÖ×ØÙÚÛÜÝÞß# 'AAAAAAACEEEEIIIIDNOOOOOxOUUUUYTS'. #àáâãäåæçèéêëìíîïðñòóôõö÷øùúûüýþÿ# 'aaaaaaaceeeeiiiidnooooo%ouuuuyty', #--------------------------------# 'cp'.$Code_Page_Turkish, # Turkish (cp1254) # #--------------------------------# #€_‚ƒ„…†‡ˆ‰Š‹Œ____''“”•–—˜™š›œ__Ÿ# 'E_,f,.++^%S_O____````.--~Ts_o__Y'. # ¡¢£¤¥¦§¨©ª«¬®¯°±²³´µ¶·¸¹º»¼½¾¿# '_!cLoYlS`Ca_--R-`+23`uP.,10_qh3_'. #ÀÁÂÃÄÅÆÇÈÉÊËÌÍÎÏĞÑÒÓÔÕÖ×ØÙÚÛÜİŞß# 'AAAAAAACEEEEIIIIGNOOOOOxOUUUUISS'. #àáâãäåæçèéêëìíîïğñòóôõö÷øùúûüışÿ# 'aaaaaaaceeeeiiiignooooo%ouuuuisy', #--------------------------------# 'cp'.$Code_Page_Baltic, # Baltic (cp1257) # #--------------------------------# #€_‚_„…†‡_‰_‹_¨ˇ¸_''“”•–—_™_›_¯˛_# 'E_,_,.++_%___``,_````.--_T___-,_'. #  ¢£¤ ¦§Ø©Ŗ«¬®Æ°±²³´µ¶·ø¹ŗ»¼½¾æ# '__cLo_lSOCR_--RA`+23`uP.o1r_qh3a'. #ĄĮĀĆÄÅĘĒČÉŹĖĢĶĪĻŠŃŅÓŌÕÖ×ŲŁŚŪÜŻŽß# 'AIACAAEECEZEGKILSNNOOOOxULSUUZZS'. #ąįāćäåęēčéźėģķīļšńņóōõö÷ųłśūüżž˙# 'aiacaaeecezegkilsnnoooo%ulsuuzz`' ); my %AccentedChars; my $AccentedChars = ''; my $NonAccenChars = ''; for ( $Code_Page_Central, $Code_Page_Western, $Code_Page_Turkish, $Code_Page_Baltic ) { $AccentedChars{'cp'.$_} = decode('cp'.$_, $HighBitSetChars); $AccentedChars .= $AccentedChars{'cp'.$_}; $NonAccenChars .= $NonAccenChars{'cp'.$_}; } #print "\n", length($NonAccenChars), ' ', $NonAccenChars,"\n"; #print "\n", length($AccentedChars), ' ', $AccentedChars,"\n"; my $QuotedMetaNonAccenChars = quotemeta($NonAccenChars); my $DiacriticalChars = ''; for ( 0x0300..0x036F, 0x1DC0..0x1DFF ) { $DiacriticalChars .= chr($_) } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Parse options and parameters #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- my $b_Help = 0; my $b_Interactive = 1; my $b_UTF8 = 0; my $b_Parameter = 0; my $Folder; for ( @ARGV ) { if ( lc($_) eq '--' ) { $b_Parameter = 1 } elsif ( (not $b_Parameter) and (lc($_) eq '--batch') ) { $b_Interactive = 0 } elsif ( (not $b_Parameter) and (lc($_) eq '--utf8') ) { $b_UTF8 = 1 } elsif ( $b_Parameter or (substr($_, 0, 1) ne '-') ) { if ( defined($Folder) ) { die "$0 accepts only 1 parameter\n" } else { $Folder = $_ } } else { $b_Help = 1 } } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Help #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- if ( $b_Help ) { die << "END_OF_HELP" $0 [--help] [--batch] [--] [folder] This script renames files with accented and diacritical Latin characters : - This PERL script starts from the folder given in parameter, or else from the current folder. - It recursively searches for files with characters belonging to 80 - FF of CP 1250, CP 1252, CP 1254 and CP 1257 (mostly accented Latin characters) or Latin characters having diacritical marks. - It calculates new file names by removing the accents and diacritical marks only from Latin characters (For example, Été --> Ete). - It displays all proposed renaming and perhaps conflicts, and asks the user for global approval. - If the user has approved, it renames all files having no conflict. Option '--batch' avoids interactive questions. Use with care. Option '--' avoids the next parameter to be interpreted as option. SPECIAL WARNING : - This script was originally encoded in UTF-8, and should stay so. - This script may rename a lot of files. - Files names are theoretically all encoded only with UTF-8. But some file names may be found to contain also some characters having legacy encoding. - The author has applied efforts for consistency checks, robustness, conflict detection and use of appropriate encoding. So this script should only rename files by removing accents and diacritical marks from Latin characters. - But this script has been tested only under a limited number of OS (Windows, Mac OS X, Linux) and a limited number of terminal encodings (CP 850, ISO-8859-1, UTF-8). - So, under weird circumstances, this script could rename many files with random names. - Therefore, this script should be used with care, and modified with extreme care (beware encoding of internal strings, inputs, outputs and commands) END_OF_HELP } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # If requested, change current folder #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- if ( defined($Folder) ) { chdir($Folder) or die "Can NOT set '$Folder' as current folder\n" } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Following instruction is MANDATORY. # The return value should be non-zero, but on some systems it is zero. #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- utf8::decode($AccentedChars); # or die "$0: '\$AccentedChars' should be UTF-8 but is NOT.\n"; #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Check consistency on 'tr' #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- $_ = $AccentedChars; eval "tr/$AccentedChars/$QuotedMetaNonAccenChars/"; if ( $@ ) { warn $@ } if ( $@ or ($_ ne $NonAccenChars) ) { die "$0: Consistency check on 'tr' FAILED :\n\n", "Translated Accented Chars : ", length($_), ' : ', $_, "\n\n", " Non Accented Chars : ", length($NonAccenChars), ' : ', $NonAccenChars, "\n" } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Constants depending on the OS #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- my $b_Windows = ( defined($ENV{'OS'}) and ($ENV{'OS'} eq 'Windows_NT') ); my ($Q, $sep, $sep2, $HOME, $Find, @List, $cwd, @Move); if ( $b_Windows ) { $Q = '"'; $sep = '\\'; $sep2 = '\\\\'; $HOME = $ENV{'USERPROFILE'}; $Find = 'dir /b /s'; @List = ( ( (`ver 2>&1` =~ m/version\s+([0-9]+)/i) and ($1 >= 6) ) ? ('icacls') : ( 'cacls') ); $cwd = `cd`; chomp $cwd; $cwd = quotemeta($cwd); @Move = ('move'); } else { $Q = "'"; $sep = '/'; $sep2 = '/'; $HOME = $ENV{'HOME'}; $Find = 'find .'; @List = ('ls', '-d', '--'); @Move = ('mv', '--'); if ( -w '/bin' ) { die "$0: For safety reasons, ", "usage is BLOCKED to administrators.\n"} } my $Encoding; my $ucEncoding; my $InputPipe = '-|'; # Used as global variable #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Under Windows, associate input and output encodings to code pages : # - Get the original code page, # - If it is not UTF-8, try to set it to UTF-8, # - Define the input encoding as the one associated to the ACTIVE code page, # - If STDOUT is the console, encode output for the ORIGINAL code page. #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- my $Code_Page_Original; my $Code_Page_Active; if ( $b_Windows ) { #----------------------------------------------------------------------- # Get the original code page #----------------------------------------------------------------------- $_ = `chcp`; m/([0-9]+)$/ or die "Non numeric Windows code page : ", $_; $Code_Page_Original = $1; print 'Windows Original Code Page = ', $Code_Page_Original, ( $Code_Page_Original == $Code_Page_UTF8 ? ' = UTF-8, display is perhaps correct with a true type font.' : '' ), "\n\n"; $Code_Page_Active = $Code_Page_Original ; #----------------------------------------------------------------------- # The input encoding must be the same as the ACTIVE code page #----------------------------------------------------------------------- $Encoding = ( $Code_Page_Active == $Code_Page_UTF8 ? 'utf8' : 'cp'.$Code_Page_Active ) ; $InputPipe .= ":encoding($Encoding)"; print "InputPipe = '$InputPipe'\n\n"; #----------------------------------------------------------------------- # If STDOUT is the console, output encoding must be the same as the # ORIGINAL code page #----------------------------------------------------------------------- if ( $Code_Page_Original != $Code_Page_UTF8 ) { no warnings 'unopened'; @_ = stat(STDOUT); use warnings; if ( scalar(@_) and ($_[0] == 1) ) { binmode(STDOUT, ":encoding(cp$Code_Page_Original)") } else { binmode(STDOUT, ":encoding($Encoding)") } } } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Under *nix, if the 'LANG' environment variable contains an encoding, # verify that this encoding is supported by the OS and by PERL. #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- elsif ( defined($ENV{'LANG'}) and ($ENV{'LANG'} =~ m/\.([^\@]+)$/i) ) { $Encoding = $1; my $coreel = `uname -s`; chomp $coreel; my $ucEncoding = &ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash($Encoding); if ( (lc($coreel) ne 'darwin') and not grep {$_ eq $ucEncoding} ( map { ($_, &ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash($_)) } `locale -m` ) ) { die "Encoding = '$Encoding' or '$ucEncoding' NOT supported ". "by the OS\n" } my $ucLocale = &ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash($ENV{'LANG'}); if ( not grep {$_ eq $ucLocale} ( map { ($_, &ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash($_)) } `locale -a` ) ) { die "Locale = '$ENV{LANG}' or '$ucLocale' NOT supported ". "by the OS\n" } if ( not defined(Encode::find_encoding($Encoding)) ) { die "Encoding = '$Encoding' or '$ucEncoding' NOT supported ". "by PERL\n" } print "Encoding = '$Encoding' is supported by the OS and PERL\n\n"; binmode(STDOUT, ":encoding($Encoding)"); } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Check consistency between parameter of 'echo' and output of 'echo' #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- undef $_; if ( defined($Encoding) ) { $ucEncoding = &ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash($Encoding); if ( defined($SuperEncodings{$ucEncoding}) ) { $_ = substr($AccentedChars{$SuperEncodings{$ucEncoding}}, 0x20, 0x60) } elsif ( defined($AccentedChars{$Encoding}) ) { $_ = $AccentedChars{$Encoding} } elsif ( $Encoding =~ m/^utf-?8$/i ) { $_ = $AccentedChars } } if ( not defined($_) ) # Chosen chars are same in 4 code pages { $_ = decode('cp'.$Code_Page_Central, pack('C*', 0xC9, 0xD3, 0xD7, 0xDC, # ÉÓ×Ü 0xE9, 0xF3, 0xF7, 0xFC)) } # éó÷ü #print $_, " (Parameter)\n\n"; #system 'echo', $_; utf8::decode($_); #print "\n", $_, " (Parameter after utf8::decode)\n\n"; my @EchoCommand = ( $b_Windows ? "echo $_" : ('echo', $_) ); #system @EchoCommand; open(ECHO, $InputPipe, @EchoCommand) or die 'echo $_: ', $!; my $Output = join('', <ECHO>); close(ECHO); chomp $Output; #print "\n", $Output, " (Output of 'echo')\n"; utf8::decode($Output); #print "\n", $Output, " (Output of 'echo' after utf8::decode)\n\n"; if ( $Output ne $_ ) { warn "$0: Consistency check between parameter ", "of 'echo' and output of 'echo' FAILED :\n\n", "Parameter of 'echo' : ", length($_), ' : ', $_, "\n\n", " Output of 'echo' : ", length($Output), ' : ', $Output, "\n"; exit 1; } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Print the translation table #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- if ( defined($Encoding) ) { undef $_; $ucEncoding = &ucRemoveEolUnderscoreDash($Encoding); if ( defined($SuperEncodings{$ucEncoding}) ) { $_ = $SuperEncodings{$ucEncoding}; print "--------- $EncodingNames{$_} ---------\n", ' ', substr($AccentedChars{$_}, 0x20, 0x20), "\n", '--> ', substr($NonAccenChars{$_}, 0x20, 0x20), "\n\n", ' ', substr($AccentedChars{$_}, 0x40, 0x20), "\n", '--> ', substr($NonAccenChars{$_}, 0x40, 0x20), "\n\n", ' ', substr($AccentedChars{$_}, 0x60, 0x20), "\n", '--> ', substr($NonAccenChars{$_}, 0x60, 0x20), "\n\n" } else { for ( 'cp'.$Code_Page_Central, 'cp'.$Code_Page_Western, 'cp'.$Code_Page_Turkish, 'cp'.$Code_Page_Baltic ) { if ( ('cp'.$Encoding eq $_) or ($Encoding =~ m/^utf-?8$/i) ) { print "--------- $EncodingNames{$_} ---------\n", ' ', substr($AccentedChars{$_}, 0, 0x20), "\n", '--> ', substr($NonAccenChars{$_}, 0, 0x20), "\n\n", ' ', substr($AccentedChars{$_}, 0x20, 0x20), "\n", '--> ', substr($NonAccenChars{$_}, 0x20, 0x20), "\n\n", ' ', substr($AccentedChars{$_}, 0x40, 0x20), "\n", '--> ', substr($NonAccenChars{$_}, 0x40, 0x20), "\n\n", ' ', substr($AccentedChars{$_}, 0x60, 0x20), "\n", '--> ', substr($NonAccenChars{$_}, 0x60, 0x20), "\n\n" } } } } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Completely optional : # Inside the Unison file, find the accented file names to ignore #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- my $UnisonFile = $HOME.$sep.'.unison'.$sep.'common.unison'; my @Ignores; if ( open(UnisonFile, '<', $UnisonFile) ) { print "\nUnison File '", $UnisonFile, "'\n"; while ( <UnisonFile> ) { if ( m/^\s*ignore\s*=\s*Name\s*(.+)/ ) { $_ = $1 ; if ( m/[$AccentedChars]/ ) { push(@Ignores, $_) } } } close(UnisonFile); } print map(" Ignore: ".$_."\n", @Ignores); #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Function OutputAndErrorFromCommand : # # Execute the command given as array in parameter, and return STDOUT + STDERR # # Reads global variable $InputPipe #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- sub OutputAndErrorFromCommand { local $_; my @Command = @_; # Protects content of @_ from any modification #--------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Under Windows, fork fails, so : # - Enclose into double quotes parameters containing blanks or simple # quotes, # - Use piped open with redirection of STDERR. #--------------------------------------------------------------------------- if ( defined($ENV{'OS'}) and ($ENV{'OS'} eq 'Windows_NT') ) { for ( @Command ) { s/^((-|.*(\s|')).*)$/$Q$1$Q/ } my $Command = join(' ', @Command); #print "\n", $Command; open(COMMAND, $InputPipe, "$Command 2>&1") or die '$Command: ', $!; } #--------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Under Unix, quoting is too difficult, but fork succeeds #--------------------------------------------------------------------------- else { my $pid = open(COMMAND, $InputPipe); defined($pid) or die "Can't fork: $!"; if ( $pid == 0 ) # Child process { open STDERR, '>&=STDOUT'; exec @Command; # Returns only on failure die "Can't @Command"; } } $_ = join('', <COMMAND>); # Child's STDOUT + STDERR close COMMAND; chomp; utf8::decode($_); $_; } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Find recursively all files inside the current folder. # Verify accessibility of files with accented names. # Calculate non-accented file names from accented file names. # Build the list of duplicates. #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- my %Olds; # $Olds{$New} = [ $Old1, $Old2, ... ] my $Old; my $Dir; my $Command; my $ErrorMessage; my $New; my %News; print "\n\nFiles with accented name and the corresponding non-accented name ", ":\n"; open(FIND, $InputPipe, $Find) or die $Find, ': ', $!; FILE: while ( <FIND> ) { chomp; #--------------------------------------------------------------------------- # If the file path contains UTF-8, following instruction is MANDATORY. # If the file path does NOT contain UTF-8, it should NOT hurt. #--------------------------------------------------------------------------- utf8::decode($_); if ( $b_Windows ) { s/^$cwd$sep2// } else { s/^\.$sep2// } #--------------------------------------------------------------------------- # From now on : $_ = Dir/OldFilename #--------------------------------------------------------------------------- push(@{$Olds{$_}}, $_); if ( m/([^$sep2]+)$/ and ($1 =~ m/[$AccentedChars]|([\ -\~][$DiacriticalChars])/) ) { if ( $b_Windows and m/$Q/ ) { print "\n $Q$_$Q\n*** contains quotes.\n"; next; } for my $Ignore ( @Ignores ) { if ( m/$Ignore$/ ) { next FILE } } $Old = $_ ; m/^(.*$sep2)?([^$sep2]+)$/; $Dir = ( defined($1) ? $1 : ''); $_ = $2; #--------------------------------------------------------------------- # From now on : $Old = Dir/OldFilename # $_ = OldFilename #--------------------------------------------------------------------- print "\n $Q$Old$Q\n"; $ErrorMessage = &OutputAndErrorFromCommand(@List, $Old); if ( $? != 0 ) { print "*** $ErrorMessage\n" } else { #--------------------------------------------------------------- # Change accented Latin chars to non-accented chars. # Remove all diacritical marks after Latin chars. #--------------------------------------------------------------- eval "tr/$AccentedChars/$QuotedMetaNonAccenChars/"; s/([\ -\~])[$DiacriticalChars]+/$1/g; #--------------------------------------------------------------- # From now on : $Old = Dir/OldFilename # $_ = NewFilename #--------------------------------------------------------------- if ( $@ ) { warn $@ } else { $New = $Dir.$_; if ( $b_Windows or (not utf8::is_utf8($Dir)) ) # Weird { utf8::decode($New) } # but necessary $News{$Old} = $New; push(@{$Olds{$New}}, $Old); } print "--> $Q$Dir$_$Q\n"; } } } close(FIND); #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Print list of duplicate non-accented file names #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- my $b_NoDuplicate = 1; for my $New ( sort keys %Olds ) { if ( scalar(@{$Olds{$New}}) > 1 ) { if ( $b_NoDuplicate ) { print "\n\nFollowing files would have same non-accented name ", ":\n"; $b_NoDuplicate = 0; } print "\n", map(' '.$_."\n", @{$Olds{$New}}), '--> ', $New, "\n"; for ( @{$Olds{$New}} ) { delete $News{$_} }; } } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # If there are NO file to rename, then exit #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- my $Number = scalar(keys %News); print "\n\n"; if ( $Number < 1 ) { print "There are NO file to rename\n"; exit; } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Ask the user for global approval of renaming #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- if ( $b_Interactive ) { print "In order to really rename the ", $Number, " files which can safely be renamed, type 'rename' : "; $_ = <STDIN>; sleep 1; # Gives time to PERL to handle interrupts if ( not m/^rename$/i ) { exit 1 } } else { print $Number, " files will be renamed\n\n" } #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Rename accented file names sorted descending by name size #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- $Number = 0; my $Move = join(' ', @Move); for ( sort {length($b) <=> length($a)} keys %News ) { $ErrorMessage = &OutputAndErrorFromCommand(@Move, $_, $News{$_}); if ( $? == 0 ) { $Number++ } else { print "\n$Move $Q$_$Q\n", (' ' x length($Move)), " $Q$News{$_}$Q\n", ('*' x length($Move)), " $ErrorMessage\n" } } print "\n$Number files have been successfully renamed\n"; __END__