Java透明窗口

我正在尝试创build一个跟随鼠标的圆形窗口,并将点击传递给底层窗口。

我正在用Python和Qt(请参阅Python覆盖窗口 )做这个,但后来我切换到Java和Swing。 但是,我无法使窗口透明。 我试过这种方法,但它不起作用,但我认为我的系统支持透明度,因为如果我启动Screencast-O-Matic (这是在Java中),矩形实际上是透明的。

我怎么能做到这样的事情? (我在Linux KDE4上)

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为什么Java教程如何创建半透明和成形的Windows失败? 您使用的是最新版本的Java 6或Java 7吗? 在Java杂志的5月/ 6月期间 ,有一个需要Java 7的形状和透明窗口的教程。您可能需要注册Java杂志才能阅读它。 看看你是否能得到这个在你的系统上运行:

import java.awt.*; //Graphics2D, LinearGradientPaint, Point, Window, Window.Type; import javax.swing.JComponent; import javax.swing.JFrame; import javax.swing.SwingUtilities; /** * From JavaMagazine May/June 2012 * @author josh */ public class ShapedAboutWindowDemo { /** * @param args the command line arguments */ public static void main(String[] args) { //switch to the right thread SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() { @Override public void run() { JFrame frame = new JFrame("About box"); //turn of window decorations frame.setUndecorated(true); //turn off the background frame.setBackground(new Color(0,0,0,0)); frame.setContentPane(new AboutComponent()); frame.pack(); //size the window frame.setSize(500, 200); frame.setVisible(true); //center on screen frame.setLocationRelativeTo(null); } } ); } private static class AboutComponent extends JComponent { public void paintComponent(Graphics graphics) { Graphics2D g = (Graphics2D) graphics; //create a translucent gradient Color[] colors = new Color[]{ new Color(0,0,0,0) ,new Color(0.3f,0.3f,0.3f,1f) ,new Color(0.3f,0.3f,0.3f,1f) ,new Color(0,0,0,0)}; float[] stops = new float[]{0,0.2f,0.8f,1f}; LinearGradientPaint paint = new LinearGradientPaint( new Point(0,0), new Point(500,0), stops,colors); //fill a rect then paint with text g.setPaint(paint); g.fillRect(0, 0, 500, 200); g.setPaint(Color.WHITE); g.drawString("My Killer App", 200, 100); } } } 

如果您使用Java 6,则需要使用私有API AWTUtilities。 查看Java SE 6 Update 10 API以获取更多详细信息

这是一个很快的黑客攻击,但是这个想法是对的

 public class TransparentWindow { /** * @param args the command line arguments */ public static void main(String[] args) { EventQueue.invokeLater(new Runnable() { @Override public void run() { MyFrame frame = new MyFrame(); frame.setUndecorated(true); String version = System.getProperty("java.version"); if (version.startsWith("1.7")) { GraphicsEnvironment ge = GraphicsEnvironment.getLocalGraphicsEnvironment(); GraphicsDevice graphicsDevice = ge.getDefaultScreenDevice(); System.out.println("Transparent from under Java 7"); /* This won't run under Java 6, uncomment if you are using Java 7 System.out.println("isPerPixelAlphaTranslucent = " + graphicsDevice.isWindowTranslucencySupported(GraphicsDevice.WindowTranslucency.PERPIXEL_TRANSLUCENT)); System.out.println("isPerPixelAlphaTransparent = " + graphicsDevice.isWindowTranslucencySupported(GraphicsDevice.WindowTranslucency.PERPIXEL_TRANSPARENT)); System.out.println("isPerPixelAlphaTranslucent = " + graphicsDevice.isWindowTranslucencySupported(GraphicsDevice.WindowTranslucency.TRANSLUCENT)); */ frame.setBackground(new Color(0, 0, 0, 0)); } else if (version.startsWith("1.6")) { System.out.println("Transparent from under Java 6"); System.out.println("isPerPixelAlphaSupported = " + supportsPerAlphaPixel()); setOpaque(frame, false); } frame.setSize(400, 400); frame.setLocationRelativeTo(null); frame.setVisible(true); } }); } public static class MyFrame extends JFrame { public MyFrame() throws HeadlessException { setContentPane(new MyContentPane()); setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE); addMouselistner(new MouseAdapter() { @Override public void mouseClicked(MouseEvent e) { if (e.getClickCount() == 2) { dispose(); } } }); } } public static class MyContentPane extends JPanel { public MyContentPane() { setLayout(new GridBagLayout()); add(new JLabel("Hello, I'm a transparent frame under Java " + System.getProperty("java.version"))); setOpaque(false); } @Override protected void paintComponent(Graphics g) { super.paintComponent(g); Graphics2D g2d = (Graphics2D) g.create(); g2d.setColor(Color.BLUE); g2d.setComposite(AlphaComposite.getInstance(AlphaComposite.SRC_OVER, 0.5f)); g2d.fillRoundRect(0, 0, getWidth() - 1, getHeight() - 1, 20, 20); } } public static boolean supportsPerAlphaPixel() { boolean support = false; try { Class<?> awtUtilsClass = Class.forName("com.sun.awt.AWTUtilities"); support = true; } catch (Exception exp) { } return support; } public static void setOpaque(Window window, boolean opaque) { try { Class<?> awtUtilsClass = Class.forName("com.sun.awt.AWTUtilities"); if (awtUtilsClass != null) { Method method = awtUtilsClass.getMethod("setWindowOpaque", Window.class, boolean.class); method.invoke(null, window, opaque); // com.sun.awt.AWTUtilities.setWindowOpaque(this, opaque); // ((JComponent) window.getContentPane()).setOpaque(opaque); } } catch (Exception exp) { } } public static void setOpacity(Window window, float opacity) { try { Class<?> awtUtilsClass = Class.forName("com.sun.awt.AWTUtilities"); if (awtUtilsClass != null) { Method method = awtUtilsClass.getMethod("setWindowOpacity", Window.class, float.class); method.invoke(null, window, opacity); } } catch (Exception exp) { exp.printStackTrace(); } } public static float getOpacity(Window window) { float opacity = 1f; try { Class<?> awtUtilsClass = Class.forName("com.sun.awt.AWTUtilities"); if (awtUtilsClass != null) { Method method = awtUtilsClass.getMethod("getWindowOpacity", Window.class); Object value = method.invoke(null, window); if (value != null && value instanceof Float) { opacity = ((Float) value).floatValue(); } } } catch (Exception exp) { exp.printStackTrace(); } return opacity; } } 

在Windows 7上生成

在Java 6下 的Java6

在Java 7下 Java7

我想这将工作,我已经尝试过..要使JFrame或窗口透明,你需要先解开Undecorated(true)框架。 这里是示例代码:

 import javax.swing.*; import com.sun.awt.AWTUtilities; import java.awt.Color; class transFrame { private JFrame f=new JFrame(); private JLabel msg=new JLabel("Hello I'm a Transparent Window"); transFrame() { f.setBounds(400,150,500,500); f.setLayout(null); f.setUndecorated(true); // Undecorates the Window f.setBackground(new Color(0,0,0,25)); // fourth index decides the opacity f.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE); msg.setBounds(150,250,300,25); f.add(msg); f.setVisible(true); } public static void main(String[] args) { new transFrame(); } } 

唯一的问题是你需要添加自己的代码关闭和最小化使用按钮。

如果你想自己做,而不使用外部库,你可以启动一个线程来执行:

  • 设置透明窗口不可见
  • 制作桌面的屏幕截图
  • 把这个截图作为你窗口的背景图片

或者你可以使用JavaFX