未初始化的常量使用sqlite3-ruby在Windows上编码

在新的机器上,安装ruby与1 click安装程序的Windows。 安装rails 2.3.2和所有相关的gem,然后我安装了sqlite3二进制文件(到c:\ ruby​​ \ bin文件夹中)。 最后,我做了gem install sqlite3-ruby -v=1.2.3 (这显然是最新版本的Windows工作)

当我运行rake db:migrate或者在运行时碰到任何ActiveRecord对象时,会发生这个错误。

错误如下所示:

 ** Invoke db:migrate (first_time) ** Invoke environment (first_time) ** Execute environment ** Execute db:migrate rake aborted! **uninitialized constant Encoding** <---- 

任何帮助解决这个错误将不胜感激!

跟踪:

  C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activesupport-2.3.2/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:443:in `load_missing_constant' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activesupport-2.3.2/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:80:in `const_missing' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activesupport-2.3.2/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:92:in `const_missing' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/sqlite3-0.0.3/lib/sqlite3/encoding.rb:9:in `find' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/sqlite3-0.0.3/lib/sqlite3/database.rb:69:in `initialize' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/sqlite3_adapter.rb:13:in `new' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/sqlite3_adapter.rb:13:in `sqlite3_connection' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:223:in `send' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:223:in `new_connection' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:245:in `checkout_new_connection' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:188:in `checkout' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:184:in `loop' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:184:in `checkout' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/1.8/monitor.rb:242:in `synchronize' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:183:in `checkout' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:98:in `connection' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:326:in `retrieve_connection' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_specification.rb:123:in `retrieve_connection' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_specification.rb:115:in `connection' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/migration.rb:435:in `initialize' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/migration.rb:400:in `new' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/migration.rb:400:in `up' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/activerecord-2.3.2/lib/active_record/migration.rb:383:in `migrate' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rails-2.3.2/lib/tasks/databases.rake:116 C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:636:in `call' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:636:in `execute' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:631:in `each' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:631:in `execute' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:597:in `invoke_with_call_chain' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/1.8/monitor.rb:242:in `synchronize' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:590:in `invoke_with_call_chain' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:583:in `invoke' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:2051:in `invoke_task' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:2029:in `top_level' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:2029:in `each' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:2029:in `top_level' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:2068:in `standard_exception_handling' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:2023:in `top_level' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:2001:in `run' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:2068:in `standard_exception_handling' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/lib/rake.rb:1998:in `run' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/rake-0.8.7/bin/rake:31 C:/Ruby/bin/rake:19:in `load' C:/Ruby/bin/rake:19 

Solutions Collecting From Web of "未初始化的常量使用sqlite3-ruby在Windows上编码"

如果你看backtrace会发现问题不是sqlite3-ruby,而是你安装的另一个gem:

 C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/sqlite3-0.0.3/lib/sqlite3/encoding.rb:9:in `find' C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/sqlite3-0.0.3/lib/sqlite3/database.rb:69:in `initialize' 

请卸载sqlite3 gem( gem uninstall sqlite3 ),因为似乎干扰了加载机制。

sqlite3-ruby gem version 1.2.5已经针对Windows进行了更新,应该可以直接使用。

我建议阅读替换One-Click的新RubyInstaller教程:

教程

同时也安装最新的RC1版本,而不是一键从这里

希望这可以帮助。

这对我工作:

我在每台机器上安装ruby和rails后出现这个错误,我创建了一个网站并启动了webricks服务器,但是每台机器上都有错误