如何驯服Windows头文件(有用的定义)?

在这个问题的答案之一, NOMINMAX谈到有用的定义NOMINMAX ,可以防止不必要的定义最小/最大macros。 是否还有其他有用的定义可以帮助控制windows.h (或其他Windows头文件,例如Microsoft C运行时头文件或STL实现)的行为?

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最常用的可能是WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN – 它会禁用很少使用的API部分。 您可以在MSDN的“ 使用Windows头”中找到更多信息。

我记得错误的MSDN列出这些定义,所以这里是从Windows.h中的列表:

 /* If defined, the following flags inhibit definition * of the indicated items. * * NOGDICAPMASKS - CC_*, LC_*, PC_*, CP_*, TC_*, RC_ * NOVIRTUALKEYCODES - VK_* * NOWINMESSAGES - WM_*, EM_*, LB_*, CB_* * NOWINSTYLES - WS_*, CS_*, ES_*, LBS_*, SBS_*, CBS_* * NOSYSMETRICS - SM_* * NOMENUS - MF_* * NOICONS - IDI_* * NOKEYSTATES - MK_* * NOSYSCOMMANDS - SC_* * NORASTEROPS - Binary and Tertiary raster ops * NOSHOWWINDOW - SW_* * OEMRESOURCE - OEM Resource values * NOATOM - Atom Manager routines * NOCLIPBOARD - Clipboard routines * NOCOLOR - Screen colors * NOCTLMGR - Control and Dialog routines * NODRAWTEXT - DrawText() and DT_* * NOGDI - All GDI defines and routines * NOKERNEL - All KERNEL defines and routines * NOUSER - All USER defines and routines * NONLS - All NLS defines and routines * NOMB - MB_* and MessageBox() * NOMEMMGR - GMEM_*, LMEM_*, GHND, LHND, associated routines * NOMETAFILE - typedef METAFILEPICT * NOMINMAX - Macros min(a,b) and max(a,b) * NOMSG - typedef MSG and associated routines * NOOPENFILE - OpenFile(), OemToAnsi, AnsiToOem, and OF_* * NOSCROLL - SB_* and scrolling routines * NOSERVICE - All Service Controller routines, SERVICE_ equates, etc. * NOSOUND - Sound driver routines * NOTEXTMETRIC - typedef TEXTMETRIC and associated routines * NOWH - SetWindowsHook and WH_* * NOWINOFFSETS - GWL_*, GCL_*, associated routines * NOCOMM - COMM driver routines * NOKANJI - Kanji support stuff. * NOHELP - Help engine interface. * NOPROFILER - Profiler interface. * NODEFERWINDOWPOS - DeferWindowPos routines * NOMCX - Modem Configuration Extensions */ 

MFC项目可以使用VC_EXTRALEAN因为MFC已经定义了WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN 我也建议启用S​​TRICT 。