nginx MIMEtypes和gzip

Nginx允许您将文件扩展名映射到MIMEtypes。 正如文档所说 ,它甚至带有一个预先build立的MIMEtypes列表(在问题的最后粘贴)。

我一直信任这个列表,事情很好,但现在我注意到有些types丢失了。

那么application/javascriptapplication/json呢?

它使用旧的弃用的application/x-javascript ,我想这是为了确保IE支持…但它真的好吗?


另外,什么types应该被压缩?

我一直使用下面的代码片段中的列表,虽然我承认这只是nginxconfiguration文件的一部分,我几年前作为一个例子,当我第一次开始使用nginx的时候。

我应该还包括application/json

 http { include mime.types; default_type application/octet-stream; gzip_types text/plain text/xml text/css text/comma-separated-values text/javascript application/x-javascript application/atom+xml; # text/html is included in the gzip list by default # ... } 

/etc/nginx/mime.types的默认MIMEtypes。

 types { text/html html htm shtml; text/css css; text/xml xml; image/gif gif; image/jpeg jpeg jpg; application/x-javascript js; application/atom+xml atom; application/rss+xml rss; text/mathml mml; text/plain txt; text/vnd.sun.j2me.app-descriptor jad; text/vnd.wap.wml wml; text/x-component htc; image/png png; image/tiff tif tiff; image/vnd.wap.wbmp wbmp; image/x-icon ico; image/x-jng jng; image/x-ms-bmp bmp; image/svg+xml svg svgz; image/webp webp; application/java-archive jar war ear; application/mac-binhex40 hqx; application/msword doc; application/pdf pdf; application/postscript ps eps ai; application/rtf rtf; application/vnd.ms-excel xls; application/vnd.ms-powerpoint ppt; application/vnd.wap.wmlc wmlc; application/vnd.google-earth.kml+xml kml; application/vnd.google-earth.kmz kmz; application/x-7z-compressed 7z; application/x-cocoa cco; application/x-java-archive-diff jardiff; application/x-java-jnlp-file jnlp; application/x-makeself run; application/x-perl pl pm; application/x-pilot prc pdb; application/x-rar-compressed rar; application/x-redhat-package-manager rpm; application/x-sea sea; application/x-shockwave-flash swf; application/x-stuffit sit; application/x-tcl tcl tk; application/x-x509-ca-cert der pem crt; application/x-xpinstall xpi; application/xhtml+xml xhtml; application/zip zip; application/octet-stream bin exe dll; application/octet-stream deb; application/octet-stream dmg; application/octet-stream eot; application/octet-stream iso img; application/octet-stream msi msp msm; audio/midi mid midi kar; audio/mpeg mp3; audio/ogg ogg; audio/x-m4a m4a; audio/x-realaudio ra; video/3gpp 3gpp 3gp; video/mp4 mp4; video/mpeg mpeg mpg; video/quicktime mov; video/webm webm; video/x-flv flv; video/x-m4v m4v; video/x-mng mng; video/x-ms-asf asx asf; video/x-ms-wmv wmv; video/x-msvideo avi; } 

它使用旧的弃用的应用程序/ x-javascript,我想这是为了确保IE支持…但它真的好吗?

那么,不,

 Changes with nginx 1.5.4 27 Aug 2013 *) Change: the "js" extension MIME type has been changed to "application/javascript"; default value of the "charset_types" directive was changed accordingly. 

http://nginx.org/en/CHANGES

我应该还包括应用程序/ JSON?

为什么不? nginx的默认mime.types文件只包含或多或少常用文件扩展名的MIME类型。 有json静态文件,这当然不是很常见。

另外,什么类型应该被压缩?

您可以在您的网站上包含所有可压缩内容的MIME类型。 但对于静态文件,使用gzip静态模块会更好。